Kharkiv Aviation Institute

Kharkiv Aviation Institute

The Kharkiv Aviation Institute (KhAI) was founded in 1930. Its history is closely connected with the development of aircraft engineering and science

Kharkiv Aviation Institute
Kharkiv, Ukraine
European Commision - TEMPUS, Member of International Association of Universitys; Global Association, Organization of Industry and Airport Technology,
FOUNDATION The KhAI was founded in 1930. Its history is closely connected with the development of aircraft engineering and science. The University is famous for its creation of the first in Europe high-speed airplane with a retractable landing gear and the creation of the design of the turbojet engine developed by teacher of the KhAI A. M. Liulka who afterwards became the academician and designer of many structures of aircraft engines including the engine of the aircraft Su-27. LOCATION Kharkiv – is the second-largest city of Ukraine. Located in the north-east of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna historical region. The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 60 scientific institutes, 30 establishments of higher education, 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries. Its industry specializes primarily in machinery and electronics. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city. Kharkiv’s climate is humid continental with snowy winters, and hot summers. STUDENTS & GRADUATES At present about 9.5 thousands students and 160 post-graduate students are trained at the University; 650 teachers and 2.5 thousands employers work here. Among theme there are 120 Professors and Candidates of Science. Among the teachers of the University there are also: 1 USSR State Lenin Prize winner, 7 USSR State Prize winners, 28 Ukraine State Prize winners, 11 USSR Council of Ministers Prize winners. The KhAI is a member of International Association of Universitys; Global Association, Organization of Industry and Airport Technology; it is also in the International Catalogue and belongs to the Association of higher educational institutions of Kharkiv city INTERVUZ, as well as to the Aerospace Agency of Ukraine. The KhAI is a co-executor of some programs which are carried out with universities and companies of USA, Japan, Germany, France, Mexico and Chine. The University takes part in the program of creation of “Alfa” international space station. The KhAI is entitled to conduct the training of PhD students on the large list of major subjects including those related to aerospace area. The indicated list is attached below. Those major subjects on which the defense of dissertation is possible to be realized at the KhAI are marked with a sign * in the list. The KhAI has got a certificate of Higher Certifying Commission on each specialty. The defenses of the dissertations on the major subjects which are not marked with a sign * in the list shall not be possible ; they will be realized in other higher educational institutions of Ukraine. RESEARCH AND ACADEMIC STAFF The University has 700 teachers (among them – 95 professors and doctors, more than 400 professors and PhDs) and over 2,000 employees. There are 1 USSR Lenin Prize winner, 3 USSR State Prize, 25 winners of the State Prize of Ukraine, 11 laureates of the Council of Ministers among the teachers of the University. INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY In 1992 the KhAI resumed the training of foreign students over 500 foreign citizens from 40 countries of Asia, Africa and America are trained annually at the University. The foreign citizens who are going to enter Ukraine for a training have to complete the full length one-year course at the Preparatory Department where they study Russian language and major disciplines (mathematics, physics, drawing, computer science and others) in Russian. After completing this preparatory course the foreign citizens get the official document of all Ukrainian sample – Certificate of completion of the Preparatory Department course. Foreign citizens, who manage English can be trained in the direction “Aircraft and rocket building”. UNIVERSITY CAMPUS The KhAI covers a separate territory of the city in the forest-part zone, its area amounts to about 25 hectares. The University has 8 academic buildings, research institute and laboratories, library will 1 ml volume in stock, campus, sporty complex, swimming pool, preventurium clinic of first medical aid, dining halls, bank, children garden, etc.
UKRAINE

Ukraine is ruled by a charter adopted in June 1996, which permits for an elected parliament and president.

The constitution changed and was amended on December 2004 as a reaction to the presidential election crisis which occurred that year, causing a major breakdown in law and order in the country.

The Ukrainian parliament consists of a single chamber with 450 seats called the Rada (Supreme Council). Seats are allocated proportionally to the parties that acquire extra than three% of the electoral votes. Members of parliament presently serve 4-year phrases, while the president serves a 5-year time period.

The high minister and cabinet are nominated through the president and confirmed by means of the Supreme Council.

Ukraine, with robust scientific and technological sectors, is a chief producer of heavy equipment and business equipment for sectors such as mining, steelmaking, and chemicals. Significant products also consist of nonnumeric ally managed system gear, massive electrical transformers, and agricultural machinery.

Ukraine's industries are important suppliers of merchandise— inclusive of vehicles, clothing,

foodstuffs, wood, and paper—to other former Soviet republics.

The major Industries in the country are:

  • coal,
  • electric energy,
  • ferrous and nonferrous metals,
  • equipment and shipping device,
  • chemical substances,
  • processing (mainly sugar)

Agricultural Products are:

  • grain,
  • sugar beets,
  • sunflower seeds,
  • greens;
  • pork,
  • milk

Natural Resources are:

  • iron ore,
  • coal,
  • manganese,
  • natural fuel, oil,
  • salt,
  • sulfur,
  • graphite,
  • titanium,
  • magnesium,
  • kaolin,
  • nickel,
  • mercury,
  • timber,
  • arable land

Major Exports:

  • ferrous and nonferrous metals,
  • fuel and petroleum merchandise,
  • chemical compounds,
  • machinery and delivery gadget,

Major Imports:

  • power,
  • equipment system,
  • chemical substances

Currency: hryvnia (UAH)

Industrial sectors slated for increase in the out put production had been food processing and packing, textiles, woodworking, furnishings and building materials, automotive parts, prescription drugs, clinical gadget, and aerospace.

Ukraine was very important to the Soviet Union in terms of agricultural. The rich agricultural land of this vicinity was (typically referred to as the "breadbasket" of the former Soviet Union) and supplied more than 46% of all the Soviet agricultural output in the 1980s.

Agriculture however, keeps playing a prime role within the economic system, representing approximately 18% of the country’s GDP.

Although this was a marked improvement, the country’s economy still suffered from hyperinflation in 1994. In response to the hyperinflation, the government added a new forex and

instituted mass privatization in 1995.

A very good grain harvest due to desirable weather and reduced governmental controls; progressed export competitiveness and different other factors helped to stabilize the country from the depreciation of the currency.

Also the clearance of many wage and pension arrears being owed to the citizens helped expand home demand of goods and service thereby putting money into the system circulation; and the enlargement of export markets.

Ukraine's monetary dynamism was driven particularly via exports. The most powerful increase engines in this regard have been synthetic goods, construction, oil and fuel shipping, services, personal consumption, and government spending.

The newly elected president has overtly said that Ukraine will take a clear route closer to an open marketplace economy, and that the mid-time period purpose is EU integration. His reign, despite the fact that it is plagued with lots of corruption and authority’s inefficiency, guarantees high-quality ability for the future.

The weather is subtropical at the Crimean Peninsula. Rainfall is distributed, and maximum within the west and north, and least inside the east and southeast.

Winters range from cool alongside the Black Sea to bloodlessly cold farther inland.

Summers are usually warm throughout the parts of the country, except when you heading south.

The rest of the countries climate is temperate.

Average rainfall is 50 cm (20 in) a 12 months, with variations in distinctive regions.

The country observes four seasons and temperature drops to around -8 deg C for around 2 months, and ranges up to 25 deg C. The temperatures ranges between 8 to 15 deg C for most part of th year

Ukraine became Christianized by means of St.Volodymyr in 988. But under the Soviet rule,

churches and religion where faced with strong oppression, suppression and political manipulation,

a situation that ended with the announcement of independence in 1991.

Based on a 2003 survey, over 90% of the populace claim to be Christians, and was frequently from one of the 3 Christian denominations present in the country:

  • the Ukrainian Orthodox Church—Moscow Patriarchate (10.7%),
  • the Ukrainian Orthodox Church—Kiev Patriarchate (14.8%),
  • the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (1%).

About 64% of the religiously lively population are individuals of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, additionally referred to as the Uniate, Byzantine, or Eastern Rite church.

Roman Catholics declare approximately 2% of the population and are largely focused inside the formerly Austro-Hungarian and Polish western territories.

Other Christian groups also found in the region includes;

  • Baptists,
  • Pentecostals,
  • Jehovah 's Witnesses,
  • Mormons,
  • Anglicans,
  • Lutherans,
  • Methodists,
  • Calvinists,
  • Pentecostals
  • Evangelicals.

The head of the Spiritual Directorate of the Muslims of Ukraine estimates that there are as many as two million Muslims registered in the country's Muslim community. Islam is practiced especially by the Tatar population of the independent republic of the Crimea.

There are also 300,000 Jewish worshippers in the country. Small groups of Buddhists, Baha'is, and Hare Krishnas can also be found.

The constitution however offers for freedom of religion and this is normally respected. However, a few smaller and nontraditional non secular organizations have reported issues in meeting

government registration necessities.

An All-Ukrainian Council, composed of contributors from various religions, meets regularly with the State Committee of Religious Affairs to discuss capability issues among religions.

Kiev, Ukraine's important cultural center, is regarded for its beautiful church buildings and golden-domed cathedrals, although tons of its classic structure became destroyed or obscured by Communist planners. The cathedral of St. Sophia, constructed within the 11th century, is one of the best examples of Russo-Byzantine architecture.

Another major traveler attraction is the Golden Gate, an eleventh-century fortification restored in

  1. Lviv (previously Lvov) offers architectural sights ranging from late-13th-century Russian to 16th-century Gothic structures.

In 2003, approximately 12.6 million site visitors arrived in Ukraine, over 5 million of them are Russian citizens. There were 32,572 lodge rooms with 86,243 beds in the country and an occupancy rate of 30%.

A valid passport is needed for all vacationers to go into Ukraine. Visas are not required for residents of Japan, Canada, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, the United States, and the European Union internationals, for stays of as much as 90 days. To visit the country from any other where, the travelers need a visa. Medical insurance which covers Ukraine is required for all US residents.

Like Russian, Ukrainian is a Slavic language. It has several exceptional vowel and consonant sounds, however. It is written within the Cyrillic alphabet however has 3 greater letters.

Ukrainian began to emerge as a separate language from Russian around the 12th century. Ukrainian is the legit language and is spoken by approximately 67% of the populace.

Russian is Also allowed and is spoken by about 24% of the populace.

Other languages encompass Romanian, Polish, and Hungarian.

100 - 200 USD per month for a student (Living in Hostels)
500 USD (Ex Delhi, Non Peak Period)

Ukraine was first populated by nomadic tribes and in later years, would turn out to be a part of other nations, first Poland and later Russia. The Ukrainians made efforts to maintain their culture and keep it alive even with lots of limits imposed on them by Russia. Russia even banned the use and study of the Ukrainian language at one point in time.

 

When the Soviet Union took over control of Russia and all its neighboring countries which Ukraine was part of, thing became even worse. In order to maintain power in the region the then ruler of the Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) Created a man made famine in the area which killed millions of people. World War II saw the killing of about 1 million Ukrainian Jewish human beings by the German Nazi's. Another disaster struck the Ukraine in 1986 when the Chernobyl nuclear strength plant exploded. The Soviet Union attempted to hide the catastrophe and refused global assist.

 

Finally, the Soviet Union collapsed and Ukraine became an independent country in 1991. There are over 900 faculties, technical schools, vocational faculties, universities, and different institutes of higher education present in the country. The leading university in the country is the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy which was founded in 1632. Other universities are:

• Lviv University (1795)

• Kharkiv University (1804)

• Taras Shevchenko National University (1834)

• Odessa University (1868)

..and many more

 

Ukraine, is located in Eastern Europe and is the second largest country in Europe. Sharing borders with Poland and Russia and the Black Sea. Ukraine sits at a strategic arc of importance at the crossroads between Europe and Asia. Ukraine's capital, Kiev, is placed in the north central part of the country.

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