The Faculty of Medicine provides its students advanced medical training programmes to specialize in one of the following areas: General Medicine (Allied Health) Pediatrics Denstistry The academic process at the Faculty of Medicine is strictly organized in compliance with the State Educational Standards of both Russian Federation and Kyrgyz Republic. All residency training and internship programmes offered by the Faculty of Medicine for its graduate students are organized in accordance with the state education standards and programmes on the medical specialists that approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Russian Federation. Graduates of the Faculty of Medcine get diplomas of two states- the Russian Federation and the Kyrgyz Republic. Teaching is provided in modern well-equipped classrooms using interactive methods of education and the latest technologies. All courses are aided with academic and methodological literature. Students can benefit from their use of reading halls, computer classes, and the center of culture and entertainment. In this respect, the Faculty of Medicine has: Laboratory of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory of Biology and Medical Biochemistry Laboratory of New Technologies in Teaching of Medical Subjects Laboratory of Optimization of Teaching-Learning Processes Laboratory of Experimental Simulation of Pathophysiological Process 2 resource training Centers: Physiology Resource Training Center Academic and Methodical Department
While Kyrgyz Republic was still a part of the Soviet republic, the countries legislature elected Askar
Akayev to be president. Under his leadership, Kyrgyz Republic declared her independence and began drafting a new constitution, which was approved and put into law by 5 May 1993. This constitution established Kyrgyz Republic as a democratic presidential system with total separation of powers and extensive human rights guarantees. But Under the 1996 amendments, the president was given even more expanded powers to sanction legislation, dissolve the legislature, and can appoint all ministers with exception of the prime minister without the confirmation of the legislative branch of government, while making impeachment by the legislative even more difficult to accomplish.
The country’s economy and society are the most liberal in all of Central Asia, still the Kyrgyz Republic has experienced significant political and social instability since its independence in 1991. Weak governance and deep-rooted corruption were major essential factors that lead to the political and social disturbances in 2005 and 2010.
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has however, committed itself to improved governance at all the national and local levels and reduce corruption as the foundation for the country’s economic and social development. This promises where brought to fruition with the Kyrgyz Republic’s National Sustainable Development Strategy for 2013–2017.
A candidate for any political post must have knowledge of the state language, and must have resided in the Republic for no less than 15 years before the nomination of his or her candidacy for the current position.
Current concerns include for the government includes:
During the early Soviet era, industries in Kyrgyz Republic was totally dependent on the importation of raw materials and other resources from the other republics. However, Kyrgyz Republic reported an industrial growth rate of up to 7%, and another one of 14% for 1998. The highest growth rate in 1998 was related to an abrupt rise in gold production. Namely;
Make close to 75% of the country's total industrial production and up to 80% of its industrial exports. Some Other important industries include
Later on the mining sector started accounting for majority of the country’s foreign investment. The rising world price for gold also added to a rise in GDP and attracted of even more foreign investment in the mid-2000s.
The government in a bid to increase production passed the Privatization and Denationalization Act
in December 1991, authorizing the transfer of ownership and control of all small, medium, and large-scale industrial enterprises and business to the private sector. The Law was designed to correct all early problems the country faced with the transition. And by 1995, nearly 600 enterprises had been fully sold, with 250 of them fully privatized. the transition was also expected to include the conversion of the defense industries to civilian use under private ownership. One of those conversion brought a South Korean firm who established electronics manufacture at a plant
previously built for military-related production.
ownership is also being promoted.
By 1999, most of the government's stock had already been sold and in June 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic parliament passed into law the Foreign Investment Law geared at guiding the establishment of local enterprises with foreign shareholding as well as 100% foreign ownership. The law however
acquires the right to return of profits and allows foreign investment in all segments of the economy except in military production and certain forms of ownership in agriculture.
Kyrgyz Republic is amongst the poorest of the post-Soviet countries. the poverty rate of the country was officially estimated at 84% in 2004, even with the countries coal, gold, mercury, and uranium, the country also boasts of few oil and gas reserves still yet Kyrgyz Republic's economy is primarily focused on agriculture, with cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat being the key agricultural products, although only cotton and tobacco are currently being exported in any significant quantities.
The Kyrgyz economy is very vulnerable to external shocks, owing to its reliance on one gold mine only. Kumtor, which accounts for over 10% of the country’s GDP.
In order for the Kyrgyz Republic to grasp its growth potential or make any significant advances which includes exporting hydroelectricity as a link for regional trade and transport and to also promote tourism in the country. The economic activities first need to be diversified and this can be done through increased private sector development and also improved occupational skills and productivity in the young labor force.
In January, the country experiences the coldest temperatures in the mountain valleys, with record of temperature dropping as low as -30°c (-22°f) in the past. The climate however, is more temperate in the foothill regions of the north.
In the Fergana Valley the regular temperature in July is 27°c (81°f). There are also several types of wildflowers found in the valleys.
Yak, mountain goats, and snow leopards can also be found in the mountains. The country also has the world's largest natural-growth walnut forest, with Numerous flocks of migrating birds passing through the country each year. There were at least 83 species of mammals, 168 species of birds, and over 4,500 species of plants recorded throughout the country.
Kyrgyz Republic's most noteworthy environmental issues are water pollution and high soil salinity resulting from improper irrigation methods used by farmers. The pollution of the nation's water caused a major health problem for 25% of its people, many of whom still draw water directly from contaminated wells and streams.
However, there are more than 249 registered Protestant churches in the country and 12 Baha'i
The constitution offers freedom of religion, while making the country a secular state, and the separation of church and state.
However, some minority Muslim groups as well as non-Muslim groups have reported different levels of discrimination by both the government and social groups.
According to the latest estimates provided, about 66.3% of the total population are Kyrgyz, 11.2% are Russian, 14% are Uzbek, 1.1% are Dungan or (ethnic Chinese Muslims), 1% of that population are Uighurs, and 6.4% make up other groups. It is also estimated that About 420,000 ethnic Kyrgyz reside somewhere else in the former Soviet Union and 170,000 resides in China.
There are however, major ethnic and clan based problems, including north–south clan and regional unrest that threaten fragmentation.
According to world immigration reports, about 10% or more of Russians left Kyrgyz Republic during 1991 because of high level of ethnic tensions. Also German citizens, deported to Kyrgyz Republic by Stalin during World War II, are also leaving Kyrgyz Republic.
As of 1999, the total number of registered and unregistered refugees was estimated to be around 40,000 to 50,000 which is also 1% of the total population.
There were more than 13,000 officially registered refugees, which were mainly from Tajikistan, and about 700 from Afghanistan
The development in tourism has been of main importance for Kyrgyz Republic since it gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic's second-largest city, is also considered to be a holy city by Muslim pilgrims who visit it annually to pray at its Islamic shrines. The capital city of Bishkek however, is surrounded by few of the highest mountain ranges in the world.
Bishkek is also well known for its large public parks and gardens, while also providing shady avenues, and botanical gardens.
You need Passports and visas before you are allowed entrance into Kyrgyz Republic and are not
obtainable at land borders or other airports. The country also has hotels that formerly belonged to the Soviet in tourist system which as now being claimed and used by the countries government. However, foreign chains have developed a few number of projects in Central Asia. In 2002 the country recorded its first spike in tourist in flux, there were about 139,589 visitors who arrived in Kyrgyz Republic, 63% of them came from European countries.
The United States and the European Union (EU) nations, along with so many others, have different diplomatic relations with the country. Kyrgyz Republic has very good relations with its neighbors especially Germany.
The country also maintains close ties with other former USSR nations.
Having a more Turkic tongue, Kyrgyz is the official language. Until late 1926, the Kyrgyz and
Kazakh languages were not fully or officially recognized as two distinct languages.
Kyrgyz orthography was then formally organized later on in 1923 and was modeled after the northern dialects using mostly the Arabic script. Afterward, Roman letters were also used until 1940, when the Cyrillic alphabet was mandated by the Soviet government, with three different special additional characters.
However, since independence, there has been a major discussion and debate about switching back to the Roman alphabet.
Although the Kyrgyz language remains the traditional language, most of Kyrgyz Republic's population also speaks the Russian language, the language is also regarded as the language of business and commerce. In March 1996, the Kyrgyz Republici legislature came to an agreement and amended the
constitution to make Kyrgyz the official language along with Russian official language in territories and workplaces where Russian-speaking citizens are predominant.
It is A Central Asian country of unbelievable natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, Kyrgyz Republic was earlier annexed by Russia in 1864 and achieved its independence from the Soviet Union later on in 1991.
Kyrgyz Republic was formerly known as Kirghizia, is a jagged country with the Tien Shan mountain range covering roughly about 95% of the whole territory. The mountaintops are constantly covered with snow and glaciers.
Kyrgyz Republic shares borders with Kazakhstan on the north and northwest,
During the early 1920s, Kyrgyz Republic advanced considerably in cultural, educational, and social life.
The countries Literacy was greatly improved, and a standard language was introduced.
The Economic and social development of the country was also notable. Many parts of the Kyrgyz national culture were retained in spite of all the suppression of nationalist activity under Stalin, the then head of the Soviet Union, therefore leading to constant tensions with the Union authorities.
The State University of Kyrgyz Republic is the main institution of higher learning in the country.
The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is known as the primary administrative body. As of late 2003, government increased public expenditure on education with an increased estimate of 4.4% of the GDP, or 18.6% of the total government expenditures.
Although the country is geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, which has also helped preserve its most of its ancient culture Kyrgyz Republic has historically been at the junction of several great civilizations, namely it was once part of the Silk Road and other commercial and cultural routes.