Russia is the biggest country in the world. Covering approximately one-eighth of the total word land mass, it is a force to be reckoned with. It recently emerged from a decade long economic and political turmoil and is working towards reasserting itself as a world power.

Russia is a democratic federative nation with a republican shape of government and a head of the

country “the President” elected by Russian citizens every six years. The administrative power is divided between the President and the Prime Minister, although the dominant character remains the president. The current president of Russian is Vladimir Putin; he also controls the Russian armed forces.

The Russian Federation consists of 83 federal states, among them there are 2 towns of

federal importance, which are - Moscow, the current capital of Russia with a populace of over 11 million inhabitants, and St. Petersburg, the second biggest city in Russia also referred to as "the northern capital" it as a population of over 5 million people. There are also 10 greater cities in Russia with population greater than a million.

The parliament is represented by the Federal Assembly of Russia which has two chambers;

  • State Duma which is the lower house.
  • Federation Council, also known as the upper house.


The Goverenment carries out its duties to the people through different ministries it as setup, some of which also have federal agencies too.

The President is housed in the Moscow White House.

The government basic duties include;

  • implementation of domestic and foreign policies.
  • Implementation of financial and monetary policy
  • Protection of all human rights and freedoms


Politically, economically, and socially speaking, the Russian Federation is still a country improving after suffering long wars and economic disability, it is beginning to pick up the momentum in all aspect.

The Russian government is also having relationships with different foreign countries, to boost not only trade but development in the region.

Russia nowadays has various financial system, but its most vital area is the sale of raw substances and primary commodities together with oil, timber, and gold.

Currently Russia industry and business comprises of in demand industries like exploration and exportation of oil and gas, mining and processing of precious stones and metals, aircraft construction and design, aerospace production, military machinery and weapons manufacture, electric engineering, pulp and paper production, automotive industry, transport, road and agriculture machinery production, agriculture.

Russia remains within the process of developing the basis of a modern marketplace economic system which will transfer power to the citizens to be able to own private enterprises. This mission got full support of all citizens after the August 1998 financial disaster which increased the countries current depreciation rate by threefold.

Business working charges are incredibly excessive, as are interest fees for business loans;

and tax and accounting policies stay very unfavorable. Interpretations of legal guidelines for running business frequently vary causing foreign investments into Russia to enter at a cautious pace. It as however started accelerating due to new reforms in policies of the Putin administration which has been perceived as promising extra political and financial stability for all investors.

The Russian financial system ranks as the 12th largest via nominal GDP and 6th biggest via

purchasing strength parity in 2015.

Income from oil and gas, helped Russia triumph over the economic fall apart of 1998, but that ended when the price of oil in 2014 marking the end of the long run of prosperity.

The Russian nation also exports massive supply of gas to Europe for their electricity powering and more than once as reminded the rest of the world the kind of power it wields as a major power provider, most recently it shut off supply to the Ukraine in the Ukraine war in 2014 which affected the whole of Europe.

Russia has a mixed economy with state ownership of different sectors of the economy like the industries and agriculture. However, the energy and defense related sectors remains under the firm control of the government.

The economy is still closely dependent on the exports of natural minerals, and President Putin has been reluctant to inspire diversification for worry of chancing foreign authorities controlling it.

Russia as a lot of numerous climate. But winters are always known to be very cold and long while summers are quick.

How cold it gets depends on the part of Russia you are in. Some parts of the eastern Siberian tundra, as recorded temperatures of about (-68°C) in the past.

Temperatures during the year can be varied between (-40° to +95 °F). Moscow winters can sometimes be very cold, especially if you are used to wintry weather temperatures always above freezing.

It is essential to be prepared for the cruel cold weather in Russia by coming along with plenty of warm clothing and outerwear.

Some men and ladies often wait till they arrive to shop for a fur hat, fur coats and boots, but you are advised to come with at least one which you will wear until you go shopping.

Summers are usually very quick and regularly cool so sweaters and a coat are very important to have regardless of what time of year you decide to arrive.

Moscow is usually known to be muddy and moist all year round so your boots should be sturdy and water resistant.

Slippers are also very useful to have around for use only inside the house since. Russians

commonly take off their shoes whilst coming into the house to avoid dirtying the place with muddy boots the so it's far suitable to have a couple of extra pairs of slippers for visitors who do not feel comfortable walking around on their bare feet.


Warm gloves, warm and waterproof boots, and a warm hat are all crucial for your stay in Russia.

Religion was long suppressed while Russia was below the Soviet regime, but it now flourishes, and all kinds of religions are allowed to be practiced.

While Russians make up extra than 80% of the population and the most popular faith being practiced is the Orthodox Christianity religion, there are numerous different ethnic and not so popular religions also being practiced. Muslims are mostly practiced among a few of the Volga Tatars and the Bashkir’s and in the North Caucasus also.


Most principal religions are now represented in Moscow despite the fact that services in English aren't usually available all the time.

So no matter where you coming from be sure you will surely find your religion being practiced in the great country of Russia.

There is a heavy, 12 months-round in flow of overseas travelers and different delegates from different countries.

The kinds of American travelers visiting Russia varies but approximately a 100-200,000 visits annually. From representatives to correspondents, clergy, change college students, and professors, all visits Russia for different reasons.

Moscow consists of many sights of hobby it also has lots of museums and ancient artifacts, from pre-Revolutionary art treasures to technological know-how and records. Tours to the seat of power of the Russian Government, (the Kremlin) and other places like Lenin's Tomb, the colorful Red Square, and the houses of such revered Russians as Tolstoy, Gorky, and Chekhov may additionally all be arranged with the help of neighborhood travel bureaus.

Walking tours to the various architectural landmarks in Moscow are a great way to get to better feel and experience the life in the city. Moscow's underground metro system is also popular with many stations elaborately decorated.

  • Izmailovsky Park is also a main attraction to have lunch while enjoying Russia.
  • If you looking to get a souvenir shopping in a frenzied bazaar atmosphere is an experience you would want to have.
  • Every weekend, nearby artists and craftsmen accumulate there to promote their wares to throngs of traffic.

In and around Moscow, sightseers will find a lot of ancient palaces and museums, surrounded by gardens and parks. You can reach St. Petersburg, Tallinn, Riga, Vilnius, Kiev, and lots of other

interesting cities including Sochi, Tbilisi, and Tashkent by only some few hours away by means of air.

The Russian Federation is a multi-ethnic kingdom that as more than one hundred different ethnic groups. The majority of the Populace however are Eastern Slavic. Although most ethnic groups can be identified by their own languages and way of life.

The predominant Russian language accepted by all is the new modified version of the Eastern Slavic language and it is taken as the country’s main language.

Here are some facts about the Russian language:

  1. Russian language is regarded as the international language of space so if you planning to be an astronaut, then you need to learn the language.
  2. There are only about 200,000 words totally in the revised Russian language. The original language had only 50,000-100,000 words only.


You can also enroll to study a course in English in some of their colleges as some offers English language programs. But to cope out of the campus you will need to take Russian lessons to learn the basics of the language before you take your trip to the country.

USD 200 (Outside Moscow)
INR 30,000 (Ex Delhi)

Russia borders on sixteen countries.

  • In the south-east with North Korea,
  • In the south with China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia;
  • In the south-west with Ukraine,
  • Westward with Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Norway; the Kaliningrad Region borders on Lithuania and Poland.

Russia's territory consists of many unique geographical regions. Some of these regions stay below freezing temperature all year round, like; Siberia and the Far North.

Much of Russia's northern and coastline which it shares with Japanese is hemmed in by ice for an awful lot of the 12 months, totally making navigation nearly impossible.


The early history of Russia, like those of many countries, is one of migrating people and ancient kingdoms. In truth, early Russia was a collection of cities that gradually joined together to make an empire.

Moscow and St Petersburg are the largest towns in Russia, they also have the most to offer in terms of tourist attractions, western civilization practice and sports that you could fill your spare time with. This, however, does not in any way suggest that the best academic facilities are all found here.

You also have a lot to discover within the smaller towns of Russia and you would possibly even discover learning the Russian language is a lot easier in a smaller metropolis without the distractions of being amongst massive numbers of other overseas college students.

Russian people like to have fun and make maximum use of their national vacations/holidays. New Year is the mostly celebrated of them all,

Russia is the biggest country in the world. Covering approximately one-eighth of the total word land mass, it is a force to be reckoned with. It recently emerged from a decade long economic and political turmoil and is working towards reasserting itself as a world power.

  • CapitalMoscow
  • CurrencyRussian Ruble (RUB)
  • Population50000
  • Area17,075,200 sq Km
  • Major ReligionOrthodox Christianity
  • GDP3.9 Trillion (PPP)
  • Per Capita25,185 (PPP)
  • Time ZoneUTC +2 to UTC +12
  • ISD Code+7

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